L1 Municipality of Lampedusa & Linosa (IT)

 
 

 
         
 

The Desert-Adapt project aims at creating 4 different systems in Lampedusa:

  • SYSTEM 1. Erosion control and pasture improvement. Current bare, eroded and overgrazed lands will first cover with grass to improve soil and in turn pasture.
  • SYSTEM 2. Agro-forestry. Current covered heavily overgrazed soils, will be convert to a more agro-forestry-like system with a first layer of trees. Soil will be improved to sustain pasture, as well as fruit trees and shrubs that will generate income. A canopy closure to max 30% will be reached.
  • SYSTEM 3. Food forest. Current pine reforestation with some acacia will be converted to a mixed food forest, where the new species will generate income.
  • SYSTEM 4. Reaching climax vegetation. Currently, in the nature reserve of Lampedusa the climax vegetation was reached, but with missing parts. The Desert-adapt project focuses on filling them and biodiversity improvement: missing species will be planted, water ponds, for birds and small mammals, will be constructed.

 

Note: there is no nursery in Lampedusa and the introduction of new plants is forbidden. All species must be produced from native species already present on the island. The Municipality has entrusted the task to an external nursery.

 
         
         
 

FUNCTIONS APPLIED TO THE LAND

 
 

 ECONOMIC

 
   

 Aromatics (SYSTEM 2 AND 3)

 [1]

Aromatics will be planted in all the project areas, for commercial purposes only in agroforestry and food forest systems. The municipality would contract out and/or entrust to a local cooperative for the marketing.

 
   

 Fruits + pasture improvement (SYSTEM 2)

 [7 and 20]

The agro-silvopastoral system (SYSTEM 2) will be created increasing the amount of edible plants for animal (grasses and legumes). Native carob and mastic trees will be planted, as well as capper shrubs. 

 
   

 Fruits + nuts + aromatics (SYSTEM 3)

 [1, 7, 15]

Carob, wild olive, myrtle, mastic, juniper and thyme will be planted in mixed planting grids. In addition, cocoons have been taken in place to test their feasibility as growing aids in drought conditions, All local varieties will be selected. Shrubs and fruits trees will be mainly sold to a local marked. The municipality will have to contract out and/or entrust for both management and marketing.

 
   

 Compost

 [100]

Municipality has already contracted out to a local company the production of compost. The idea is to produce compost using municipal pruning materials to applying in several plots of systems 1, 2 and 3 in order to improve soil properties. The compost won’t be sold. 

 
 

 ECOSERVICES

 
   

 Bee keeping rights

 [22]

There are few beekeeping experiences in Lampedusa. Project aims to better organized them and improve the whole sector, introducing new beehives in different site inside and/or outside the nature reserve. A social local cooperative will be involved in the management and marketing through entrustment/contract. 

 
 

 Hiking trails

 [27]

Creating “thematic routes” (nature, history, geology) connecting existing routes to Life project areas. Entrusted management.

 
 

 Photo hunting

 [29]

There are already some observation points useful for photo hunting. The idea is the creation of new observation points in the project areas.

 
 

 Test Area

 [32]

In these areas, the natural regeneration processes, i.e. thinning out of pines and subsequent planting of local varieties of plants, will be deeply tested. The mycorrhizae use will be evaluated too.

 
 

 Study and guided tours

 [35]

More groups and tourist could be attracted in ‘low’ season because this is the best season for nature tourist. The idea is to create a guided tour of project areas. Entrusted management.

 
 

 ENVIRONMENTAL  

 
   

 Erosion control+ pasture improvement   (SYSTEM 1)

 [37 and 20]

The area will be first fenced to avoid grazing by goats and sheeps, and after sown with a mix of soil improving grasses (Medicago, Trifolium) and legumes (Lotus, Melilotus) Subsequently compost, wood chips brushwood will be used to cover soil and protect planted plants (Juniperus turbinata, Tamarix africana, Thymelea hirsuta, Teucrium fruticans, Chiliadenus lopadusanum) and those in natural regeneration.

 
   

 Animal Feeding places

 [38]
Several project areas will represent a food place for bird: trees and shrubs will be selected to make more attractive the sites.  
   

 Wildlife protection

 [39]
Project will build two temporary ponds (rainwater harvesting). Furthermore juniper and tamarisk will be planted around them for shadow.  
   

 Insect and bird shelter

 [40]
 Bird and bat houses, as well as insect hotels were installed.  
 

 Reaching climax vegetation (System 4)

 [41]

Project aims at reaching and/or improving the will imitate the climax vegetation in the nature reserve of Lampedusa. This is also the site where water ponds, for birds and small mammals, will be constructed. The focus is on biodiversity. Climax vegetation is composed of following associations: Oleo sylvestris-Pistacietum lentisciPeriploco angustifoliae-Juniperetum turbinatae Periploco angustifoliae-Euphorbietum dendroidisAll local varieties will be selected.

In the valleys that are characterized by a more humid microclimate and less wind influence, trees dominate (50% of area). The following plants will be planted: myrtus communis, Arbutus unedo, Olea europaea var. sylvestris, Phillyrea latifolia, Pinus halepensis Coronilla valentina subsp. Glauca, Prasium majus, Rubia peregrina subsp. Longifolia, Rubus ulmifolius Schott, Smilax aspera, Clematis cirrhosa.

The dry exposed areas, strongly influenced by wind, will be dominated by shrubs (50% of area). The following plant will be planted: Juniperus turbinata, Pistacia lentiscus, Periploca angustifolia, Lycium intricatum, and Asparagus acutifolius.
 
 

 Landscape Restoration

 [45]
Existing stone walls will be repaired in Fruits + pasture improvement (SYSTEM 2).  
 

 Biodiversity promoting plants

 [46]
Plant planted in several areas will be selected focusing on biodiversity promotion.   
 

 SOCIAL 

 
   Create employment

 [47]

See entrusted management of several economic functions and ecoservices  
 

 Work with disabled people

 [48]

Working with a care center for mentally disabled already present on the island. Entrusted management to a social cooperative. 

 
   Provide social services
 [49]
 Working with schools.  
         
         
         
  MEASURES  APPLIED TO THE LAND    
   N. Name  Comments   
  1  Seed collecting & native species

All spontaneous plants from Lampedusa must be produced with seeds collected in situ. Priority to local varieties if available.

 
   Existing vegetation protection

 All native vegetation will remain intact. Pines pruning and exotic trees will be used as mulching or chips.

 
   Mycorrhizae & plants

Plants inoculation with mycorrhizae is foreseen in test areas.

 
   Half-moons

They will be built on slopes in the System 4.

 
  14   Organic fertilizer

Only fertilizers allowed in biological protocol and produced in Sicily, as well as local compost and manure (sheeps and goats).

 
  15   Pasture improvement

A mix of soil improving grasses (Medicago, Trifolium) and legumes (Lotus, Melilotus) is applied in Systems 1 and 2.

 
  16   Legumes  
  19   Nurse shrubs

Periploca angustifolia will be used as nurse shrubs.

 
  23   Planting in mixes

Cocoons and controls were planted following this AM in System 3.

 
  25   Natural fences

Lycium intricatum and Periploca angustifolia will be used as multi-purpose natural fence.

 
  26   Plant support Water aids study

More 160 cocoons were tested. The plan is to compare them to local mulching (pine and acacia leaves obtained in situ), biodegradable juta discs and local chips.

 
  27   Watering/Drip irrigation

 Manual emergency watering only, no irrigation system.

 
  29   Plant assist

Cocoons, mulching with pine leaves/small branches, juta discs, chips, canna shelters, possibly residuals of pruning and firebreak cleanings.

 
  30   Fence installation

Systems 1 and 2 will be fenced to avoid grazing by sheep and goats.

 
  31   Grafting trees

Grafting only in the nursery using ancient and rustic local varieties.

 
  32   Diseased trees

First an analysis of potential death causes. If diseases, seedlings/plants are removed then buried, crushed or burned.

 
  33   Weed control

Only manually cutting, no chemicals and weeding.

 
   35  Pruning

Prunings will be used as mulching, windbreaks or chipped, and for compost production.

 
  37 Livestock Grazing

Not implemented yet but is foreseen

 
  44 Firewood 10% rule

10% of the dead wood is left on the site, perhaps some will be chipped.

 
  49 Pruning fruit trees

It is done using appropriate schemes that do no stress trees.
Prunings will be used as mulching, windbreaks or chipped, and for compost production.