L7 Gam  - Viveros Forestalis La Dehesa SL (SP)








 Plantation of organic pistachio with soil protection


Ten hectares of Pistacia vera for organic certification. Far for being a conventional intensive plantation, the area in between the pistachio lines has been grazed and fertilized by a herd of horses. During tree plantation this area will be organically fertilized and sown with fodder grasses that will be periodically harvested, thus keeping the soil intact and enriched with herb remains.


 Fodder bank

 [9, 42]

A fenced area will we planted with fodder species as food supplement for cattle in summer as well as increasing landscape biodiversity with native plant species.


 Oak planting and protection of juvenile oaks


 This action includes both planting of new cork oak trees protected with wire cages and protection of existing juvenile holm oak trees. Cork oak trees are planted in open areas to restore tree cover in degraded land. Holm oak trees are prunned in the basal parts to accelerate growth and protected from cattle.


 Pasture improvement


This is a fenced area where access by cattle can be regulated. The area is sown with a mixture of palatable grass species with high protein content (Trifolium, Lupinus). This procedure increases grass cover in the soil and plant diversity as well as pasture availability for animals.




 Bee keeping rights



 Photo hunting



 Study & Research Facilities.



 Test area


This is a fenced area adjacent to a river that can be irrigated. It will be used to test plant water aids a new tree species with market potential (mainly carob tree and madroño).




 Promotion of plant diversity in fences and streams


Three lines (around pistachios, along a stream and along an existing fence) will be planted with several shrubs, fruit producing species to increase plant biodiversity and supply of food for wildlife, including pollinators.


 Streambed protection


Two seasonal streams that have no riparian vegetation will be planted with fload tolerating trees, mainly Fraxinus and Salix that area also adapted to summer droughts and can eventually serve as fodder and tool for landscape diversity.


 Insect shelter


Bird and bat houses, as well as insect hotels installed to increase biodiversity of beneficial organisms.  

 Biodiversity promoting plants


Increase plant biodiversity in protected areas to support insects, birds and mammals biodiversity.  



 Create employment


Several workers from the farm engaged mainly in oak planting and protection.  

 Provide social services


Farm involved in school work.  
   N. Name  Comments   
  1 Seed collecting    
  Existing vegetation    
  10  Soil ripping    
  11  Conservation Tillage  In pistachio area and pasture improvement.  
  13 Capture & Store Water    
   14 Organic fertilizer    
  15 Pasture improvement    
  17 Legumes    
  21  Plant hole digging     
  23 Planting in mixes    
  24 Regular planting    
  26 Plant support    
  27  Watering/Drip irrigation    
  28 Plant protectors    
  29  Plant assist    
  30 Fencing installation    
  31 Grafting trees    
  37  Livestock Grazing

Regulation of grazing paddocks and two fodder banks and pasture improvement.

  43  Planting on ridges?

Only used in fodder bank. 

  45 Natural Regeneration    
  49 Pruning fruit trees    
  51  Planting material    
  52  Root protection    

Numbers of functions and measures correspond to the list reported in the DAM methodology, defining the operative DAM plan



Actions to improve bioproducts, ecoservices and biodiversity

[Economic functions: fodder 9 - bee keeping 11 - natural fibers 13 - nuts 15 - pasture improvement 20 - photo hunting 29; Environmental function: Insect and bird shelter 40; Adaptation Measures: plant protector 28 - plant assist 29]

Viveros Forestales La Dehesa has foreseen for the DAM plan of «Monteviejo» farm to:

  1. Protecting local tree regeneration of Quercus using individual “cactus” protectors to defend plants from cattle grazing (Pict.1-6);
  2. Improving pasture regulating the access by cattle and sowing with a mixture of palatable grass species with high protein content (Pict. 7-9) which also provide food for pollinators (Pict. 10); water sources for cattle were restored too (Pict. 11).
  3. Creating a fodder banks as food supplement for cattle in summer as well as increasing landscape biodiversity with native plant species (Tagasaste, Pict. 12).
  4. Improving biodiversity at all level creating refuses for birds, insects and bats (Pict. 13 nestbox for bats).
  5.  Creating a plantation of organic pistachio with greening to protect soil (Pict. 14).

Additionally, the partner selected the photo hunting function (Pict. 15) to valorize and disseminate their traditional practices of bull breeding.